Quiz: How well do you know the ‘other’ India?

India is poised to be an economic super-power (at least that’s what we’ve been told) and is expected to become the third largest economy by 2030. For decades, we have been obsessed with GDP and economic growth. What we don’t seem to track and measure as diligently, is basic human development. How does India perform at indicators that look at stuff like access to healthcare, education, nutrition etc? Most of us in urban bubbles couldn’t care less (because we can pretty much pay out-of-pocket for literally everything). But a vast majority of the country is at the mercy of government infrastructure and systems. Here’s a quiz to help you explore this in more detail:

The 'Other' India

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Question 1
These twenty countries (G20) represent the major economies of the world.True of False: India ranks 20th (worst) in all these indicators of maternal and child healthcare:
  1. Maternal mortality ratio (mothers who die per 100 000 live births)
  2. Infant mortality rate (probability of dying between birth and age 1 per 1000 live births)
  3. Under-five mortality rate (probability of dying by age 5 per 1000 live births)
A
True
B
False
Question 1 Explanation: 
Most of India's indicators are so bad that they are not even comparable to other G20 countries (apart from South Africa). For instance, India's Infant Mortality Rate is 37.9. In 17 of the 20 countries, this rate is <15. It's the same story for other indicators. The size of our population only adds to the problems. In India, there are about 45,000 maternal deaths every year. For the other 19 countries, the combined figure is around 16,500. So maybe we should stop our obsession with linking the country's progress to GDP growth - far more fundamental issues need to be fixed. Like actual humans who die at a rate that is shameful. ************************************************************** You can access the WHO data on this link to learn more http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.home
Question 2
What is the average monthly income of a farming household (~ 5 people) in India ?
A
Rs 20,000 per month
B
Rs 10,000 per month
C
Rs 7,500 per month
D
Rs 6,500 per month
Question 2 Explanation: 
As per the National Sample Survey Office’s findings for 2013/14, the average income of a farm household was Rs. 6,426 per month . Which means an average per-capita income of around Rs. 1,300 per person for a family of five. This is one of the main factors of India's agrarian crisis. Farmer incomes have remained stagnant, while the costs associated with farming have been steadily rising - largely due to corporations gouging small farmers. The occasional loan-waiver is not going to fix anything - nor will our political leaders holding fasts or talking about progress. ************************************************ Source: http://www.thehindu.com/data/does-it-pay-to-be-a-farmer-in-india/article6713980.ece
Question 3
The top 1% of India's population own nearly 60% of the country's total wealth. Where does this rank us globally in terms of INEQUALITY?
A
1st
B
2nd
C
3rd
D
4th
Question 3 Explanation: 
Only Russia is worse off than us! 80% of adults in India and Africa belong to the bottom half of the global wealth distribution. The masses in India, could probably benefit more from having some cash rather than dreaming of a cashless economy. ***************************************************** Source: http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/india-second-unequal-country-in-the-world-wealth-report/story-MGIa7MbWAdzhKFvwhtiIeI.html
Question 4
TRUE or FALSE: As per a 2016 report by the World Economic Forum (WEF), Bangladesh outperforms India when it comes to overcoming gender disparities.
A
True
B
False
Question 4 Explanation: 
We could take a few lessons from the country that Virendra Sehwag calls our "pota". Bangladesh has also made rapid strides in maternal and child healthcare indicators that have allowed it to surpass India. Our GDP/capita is almost double of Bangladesh - but we don't see any corresponding improvement in human development. As per the WEF report, Bangladesh ranks 72nd globally, while India is ranked 87th. ********************************************************** You can access the complete report here: http://reports.weforum.org/global-gender-gap-report-2016/economies/#economy=IND
Question 5
India is home to the largest undernourished population in the world. Approximately, how many children die in India EVERYDAY due to  poor diet related illness/hunger?
A
30
B
300
C
3,000
Question 5 Explanation: 
But at least nobody is eating beef anymore! That's clearly our primary concern as a nation. **************************************************** Source: https://www.indiafoodbanking.org/hunger
Question 6
How many people in India, have NO ACCESS to safe water supply?
A
46 million
B
56 million
C
66 million
D
76 million
Question 6 Explanation: 
76M is more than the total populations of Australia + Canada + New Zealand! No country can compete with us in keeping people thirsty. To make matters worse, we keep diverting water from rural to urban areas, making life even more difficult for our most vulnerable. ************************************************************ Source: http://www.firstpost.com/india/india-has-worlds-highest-number-of-people-with-no-access-to-safe-water-claims-report-2690890.html
Question 7
Which of these countries spends the LEAST on Healthcare (in terms of public health expenditure as %age of GDP)?
A
Afghanistan
B
Maldives
C
Nepal
D
India
Question 7 Explanation: 
Among SAARC countries, Afghanistan spends 8.2 per cent, Maldives 13.7 per cent and Nepal 5.8 per cent of GDP on healthcare. For India, the figure is 1.3 per cent. But if you talk about these issues, you'll probably be called an anti-national and sent to Afghanistan. *********************************************************** Source: http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/industry/healthcare/biotech/healthcare/india-spends-less-than-brics-saarc-nations-on-health/articleshow/56848698.cms
Question 8
Anywhere between 40% to 60% of India's farmers are women? What percent of agricultural land in India, is owned by women?
A
9%
B
19%
C
29%
D
39%
Question 8 Explanation: 
In India, women farmers own less than 9% of agricultural land, which debars access from government schemes and institutional credit. **********************************************************Source: https://www.oxfamindia.org/featuredstories/57
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